Auction case law

Payne v Cave (1789) 3 TR 148
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payne_v_Cave
Seller’s right withdraw before, “Sold!”

Warlow v Harrison (1859) 1 E & E 309
https://swarb.co.uk/warlow-v-harrison-cexc-26-nov-1859/
Seller’s bid at without reserve auction not bona fide

Harris v Nickerson (1873) LR 8 QB 286
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harris_v_Nickerson
Withdraw of property at auction prior to being “put up”
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Veazie v. Williams, 49 U.S. 134 (1850)
https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/49/134/
Fictitious bidding

Toyota v. Territory of Hawaii, 226 U.S. 184 (1912)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-supreme-court/226/184.html
Operating without an auctioneer’s license

Jackson v. Smith, 254 U.S. 586 (1921)
https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/254/586/
Auctioneers represent and are to be loyal to seller

Erie Cole & Coke Corporation v. U.S. 266 U.S. 518 (1925)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-supreme-court/266/518.html
Subject to seller confirmation auction upheld

Mottram v. United States, 271 U.S. 15 (1926)
https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/271/15/
As-is with reasonable opportunity to preview
Auction advertising is subject to error

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Faultersack v. Clintonville Sales Corp., 34 N.W.2d 682 (Wis. 1948)
https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/4233469/faultersack-v-clintonville-sales-corp/
Auctioneer must keep client (seller) informed; auctioneer represents seller

Zuhak v. Rose 264 Wis. 286 (1953)
https://law.justia.com/cases/wisconsin/supreme-court/1953/264-wis-286-4.html
At without reserve (absolute) auction, once a bid is placed, seller must convey

Drew v. Deere Co. 19 A.D.2d 308 (1963)
https://www.leagle.com/decision/196332719ad2d3081255
“Selling to the highest bidder” is not explicitly “without reserve”
There are only two types of auctions

Pillsbury v. McNabb, 37 Pa. D. & C. 2d 283 (1965)
https://www.leagle.com/decision/196532037padampc2d2831277
Absolute auction and the Statute of Frauds, right to withdraw

Roberts v. J.L. Todd Auction Co., 170 S.E.2d 862 (Ga. Ct. App. 1969)
https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/1406744/roberts-v-jl-todd-auction-company/
Auctioneer can earn commission (and attorney fees) even if auction-seller doesn’t convey

Hoffman v. Horton 212 Va. 565, 186 S.E.2d 79 (Va. 1972)
https://www.leagle.com/decision/1972265186se2d791242
Auctioneer may reopen bid if bid comes in as hammer is falling
The UCC 2-328 applies to real estate auctions

Kinmon v. J.P. King Auction Co., 276 So. 2d 569 (1973)
https://law.justia.com/cases/alabama/supreme-court/1973/276-so-2d-569-1.html
Selling absolute means no minimum bid can be guaranteed
Withdrawal from absolute auction must be unequivocal

Forbes v. Wells Beach Casino, Inc., 307 A.2d 210, 219 (Me. 1973)
The UCC 2-328 applies to real estate auctions

Johnson v. Haynes, 532 S.W.2d 561 (1975)
https://law.justia.com/cases/tennessee/court-of-appeals/1975/532-s-w-2d-561-1.html
Marketing and advertising different from announced terms at auction commencement

Outpost Café, Inc. v. Fairhaven Savings Bank, 3 Mass. App. 1, 3, 322 N.E.2d 183 (1975)
https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/2241848/outpost-cafe-inc-v-fairhaven-savings-bank/
The finality of an auction and the equity of ownership versus the equity of redemption

David Witherspoon, Inc. v. Wood, 588 S.W.2d 558 (Tenn. App. 1979)
Auctioneer licensing for individuals and/or business entities

Pitchfork Ranch Co. v. Bar Tl, 615 P.2d 541 (Wyo. 1980)
https://www.leagle.com/decision/19801156615p2d54111156
Selling “without reserve” requires to sell to the highest bidder
Minimum bid increments suggest a “with reserve” auction

Well v. Schoeneweis, 101 Ill. App. 3d 254, 257-58, 427 N.E.2d 1343 (1981)
The UCC 2-328 applies to real estate auctions

Holston v. Pennington, 304 S.E.2d 287 (1983)
https://law.justia.com/cases/virginia/supreme-court/1983/801160-1.html
Absolute auction combined with multipar (open combination) bidding

Childs v. Ragonese, 40 A.2d 1031 (1983)
Is auctioneer due commission if buyer and seller don’t close?

Chevalier v. Sanford, 475 A.2d 1148, 1149 (Me. 1984)
The UCC 2-328 applies to real estate auctions

Eaddy v. Dorn, 345 S.E.2d 513 (S.C.Ct. App. 1986)
https://law.justia.com/cases/south-carolina/court-of-appeals/1986/289-s-c-356-2.html
Bidder with bona fide intention to purchase (competent)

Chernick v. Fasig-Tipton Kentucky, Inc., 703 S.W.2d 885 (Ky. Ct. App. 1986)
https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/1503896/chernick-v-fasig-tipton-kentucky-inc/
Buyer buying “as-is,” arbitration, reasonable inspection, latent vs. patent defects

Swinebroad-Denton Inc. v. Hornback, 744 S.W.2d 429 (Ky.App. 09/25/1987)
https://www.casemine.com/judgement/us/59148be6add7b04934529931
Auctioneer undisclosed dual-agency, listing property already under contract otherwise

Torbron v. Campen, 579 So. 2d 165 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1991)
https://casetext.com/case/torbron-v-campen
Nondisclosure of material (latent) facts before auction

Cantrell v. Morgan, No. 01A01-9008-CH-00289, 1991 (Tenn Ct. App April 26, 1991)
Necessity of an auctioneer license

Stormy Weathers, Inc. v. F.D.I.C., 834 F. Supp. 519 (D.N.H. 1993)
https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/FSupp/834/519/1645714/
Fictitious bidding during an auction for the purpose of misleading or stimulating other persons who are bidding in good faith

Master Shore Builders, Inc. v. J.P. King Auction Co., No. 90-5817 (E.D. Pa June 6, 1993)
Knowingly operating without auction license breaches the covenant of good faith and fair dealing

Cuba v. Hudson & Marshall, Inc., 445 S.E.2d 386, 387, n.1 (Ga Ct. App. 1994)
https://law.justia.com/cases/georgia/court-of-appeals/1994/a94a0903.html
Saying Sold! (hammer falling) “subject to” confirmation

Love v. Basque Cartel, 873 F. Supp. 563 (D. Wyo. 1995)
https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/FSupp/873/563/1466455/
Minimum bid auction being converted to absolute above a certain amount

Pyles v. Goller, 674 A.2d 35 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 1996)
https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/1986122/pyles-v-goller/
Absolute auction with multipar (combination) bidding

Marten v. Staab, 453 N.W.2d 436, 443 (Neb. 1996)
https://law.justia.com/cases/nebraska/court-of-appeals/1995/a-94-621-8.html
Auctions are with reserve unless otherwise noted; only two types of auctions

Frenz v. Hoover, Stark (Ohio) Appeals No. 1996CA00096
Bid rigging; conspiracy between participants in an auction who agree not to bid against each other

Red Cardinal Fifteen, Inc. v. Lange, 96-1115, 1997 U.S. 106 F.3d 391 (4th Cir. 1997)
https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/F3/106/391/558940/
Bogus (ficticious) bidding at auction and non-performance

Lindsey v. Coulter, 1998 WL 823125, at *6 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1998)
http://www.tba.org/tba_files/TCA/1998/lindseyd.pdf
Seller does/doesn’t want auction to proceed

Chimney Cove Ltd. v. National Auction Group, #18628 Dist Ct. of Burnet County, Tex, 33rd Judicial District 1998
Seller bidding at an absolute auction

East v. Brown, 986 P.2d 523-25 (Okla. Civ. App. 1999)
https://www.leagle.com/decision/19991509986p2d52311507
With reserve auction stating particular reserve allows for other reservations

Express Auction Servs., Inc. v. Conley, 732 A.2d 1012 (Md. 1999)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/md-court-of-special-appeals/1396100.html
Auctioneer practicing traditional real estate without proper licensing

Kearney v. J.P. King Auction Co., Inc., 265 F.3d 27 (1st Cir. 2001)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-1st-circuit/1481045.html
Sales talk and/or puffing prior to auction not binding

Deere & Co. v. Miller-Godley Auction, 249 Ga. App 797, 549 S.E. 2d 762 (2001)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/ga-court-of-appeals/1358076.html
Auctioneers are to assure bidders/buyers good title

Threatt v. Nat’l Auction Group, Inc., No. 01-A-11508-6 (Gwinnett County Super. Ct. Nov. 2, 2001)
Misrepresentation of what chattels go along with real property auction

Rose v. National Auction Group, 646 N.W.2d 455 (2002)
https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/848867/rose-v-national-auction-group-inc/
Seller and auctioneer conspiring to put a shill bidder in to assure a certain price

Pronghorn Dev., Ltd. v. National Auction Group, No. 02DV7822532 (Mo. Howell Cty. Cir. Ct., Cir. Div. Jan 6, 2003)
Qualifying all auction bidders with same criterea; treating all bidders the same except for price

National Auction Group v. Hammett, 854 So. 2d 65, 69 (Ala.2003)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/al-supreme-court/1026392.html
Auctioneer denoting “Sold!” to a property not for sale (no listing agreement)

Greene v. Rogers Realty & Auction Co., 586 S.E.2d 278 (N.C. Ct. App. 2003)
https://www.ncbusinesslitigationreport.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/71/uploads/file/Judge%20Ervin%20Breach%20Fiduciary%20Duty.pdf
Selling “as-is” or caveat emptor and buyer being responsible to verify

Colburn v. Baier Realty & Auctioneers (2003)
https://law.justia.com/cases/ohio/eleventh-district-court-of-appeals/2003/2003-ohio-6694.html
Absolute auction results far below expectations

Young v. Hefton, Court of Appeals, Kansas (2007)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/ks-court-of-appeals/1183206.html
There are “generally” three types of auctions

Udall v. T.D. Escrow, 154 P.3d 882 (2007)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/wa-court-of-appeals/1396022.html
Auctioneer binds seller/buyer with “Sold” even if below minimum bid

New Texas Auto Auction Services (Big H Auto Auction) v. Hernandez, No. 06-0550, Supreme Court of Texas
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/tx-supreme-court/1117236.html
Auctioneer liability for selling defective product

Callimanopulos v. Christie’s Inc., 621 F. Supp. 2d 127 (2009)
https://www.leagle.com/decision/2009748621mfsupp2d1271736
The UCC 2-328 and where a bid is made while the hammer is falling, the auctioneer has the discretion to recognize that bid even after the hammer has fallen

Tony Shafrazi Gallery v. Christie’s International, 2009 N.Y. Slip Op. 31088 (N.Y. Misc. 2009)
https://law.justia.com/cases/new-york/appellate-division-first-department/2012/112192-07-8918.html
Unknowingly selling counterfeit at auction

Simmons v. Danhauer & Assocs., LLC, 2010 WL 4238856 (D.S.C. Oct. 21, 2010)
https://www.casemine.com/judgement/us/59146293add7b049342552cd
The UCC 2-328 applies to an online auctions

Biancalana v. T.D. Service Co. 200 Cal.App.4th 527 (2011)
https://www.leagle.com/decision/incaco20111031048
Auctioneer saying “Sold!” for the wrong amount

Koch v. Christie’s International, 11-1522 (2d Cir. 2012)
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-2nd-circuit/1613636.html
Auctioneer/seller false and/or misleading representations of property

Village at Redlands Group LP v. Auction.com Inc. Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Orange, Case No.: 30-2015-00777483-CU-FR-CJC
https://nypost.com/2014/12/25/lawsuit-targets-googles-auction-com/
Undisclosed (misrepresented) bidding by seller

Brennan v. Bergen County Prosecutor Office, A-62-16, 078074 2018
https://caselaw.findlaw.com/nj-supreme-court/1896517.html
Disclosure of the names and addresses of successful bidders at a public auction